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Human Resources and Organizational Behaviour
HROB 2100
Tom Medcof

Chapter 3 Values Attitudes and Diversity in the WorkplaceValuesValues represent basic convictions that a specific mode of conduct or endstate of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or endstate existenceValue system a hierarchy based on a ranking of an indivs values in terms of their intensity what is important and how important is it content and intensityRokeach Value SurveyoTerminal values goals indivs would like to achieve in their lifetime desirable endstates of existence ie A confortable life an exciting life a sense of accomplishment equality inner harmony happinessoInstrumental values preferable ways of behaving or means for achieving terminal values ambitious broadminded capable courageous imaginative honestoPpl in same occupational categories tend to hold similar valuesHodgsons General Moral PrinciplesoEthics study of moral values or principles that guide behavior and inform us whether actions are right or wrongAssessing Cultural ValuesHofstedes framework for assessing cultures found managers and employees vary on 5 value dimensions of national cultureoPower distance describes the degree to which ppl in a country accept that power in institutions and organizations is distributed unequallyoIndividualism vs collectivism individualism is the degree to which ppl prefer to act as indivs rather than as members of groups and believe in indiv rights above all else collectivism emphasises a tight social framework in which ppl expect others in groups of which they are a part to look after them and protect themoMasculinity vs femininity masculinity is the degree to which the culture favours traditional masculine roles achevment power control as opposed to viewing men and women as equal high femininity score means the cultre sees little differentiation between male and female roles
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