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MUSC 2140 (14)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3- The Roots of Jazz.pdf

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MUSC 2140
Howard Spring

Chapter 3- The Roots of Jazz December 7, 2013 2:38 PM What is Jazz? - There are three different categories that situate jazz within our society Art Form- jazz is sometimes called "America's Classical Music" and is at the roots of many cultures Popular Music- it may not be as popular today as it once was, but in the 1930s jazz dominated concert halls and radios Folk Music- jazz is distinctly urban, and can be considered the folk music of African Americans Jazz and Ethnicity - Jazz music is an African American music, no matter how provocative that may be - This doesn't mean jazz is music only for black people, it is just associated with black culture, and when other cultures listen to jazz they become more African American - Jazz musically styling is traced back to Africa Folk and Traditions - This "black" music has survived slavery, decades of civil wars, and has travelled across continents - Jazz coming to America was the first time white and black music mixed together - It was also transferred into church music, which is now known as gospel music The Buzzard Lope - African slaves who worked in the sea islands of Georgia were left to survive after the white men fled inlands to avoid getting malaria - One woman studied the music of these people and wrote a book to try and preserve the music - "The Buzzard Lope" is a spiritual song that was sung when someone died. Their body would be thrown in the fields where it would be eaten by buzzards Blues - Blues, new poetic genre came at the beginning of the twentieth century - The blues combined old folk elements with new technology, and was accompanied by the guitar which became available for the first time in the rural south Soon One Morning - Fred McDowell played at country dances until he discovered in 1959 - He plays a bottleneck guitar which he damps with a piece of glass which makes the string noisy Vaudeville "Classic" Blues - Jazz musicians began to encounter the blues when it crossed the boundary line into popular music - Vaudeville blues features a female singer accompanied by a small band - Ma Rainy is often referred to as the "Mother of Blues" and became famous for it - By the 1910s blues was becoming popular as pop-song publishers started releasing blues hits hits - Race records became available, which was marketed as black music made by black people Bessie Smith (1894-1937) - Bessie is known as the "Empress pf Blues" and was known for being able to project her voice in a concert hall before the era of microphones - She became a favorite playing in theatres but off stage she drank and would even fight - She reached her peak in 1929, but after that she entered
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