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MUSC 2140 (14)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4- New Orleans.pdf

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MUSC 2140
Howard Spring

Chapter 4- New Orleans January 18, 2014 6:20 PM Background - In the earliest days jazz was very local and had a performing technique that was very unique to New Orleans - New Orleans Jazz was the first of its kind and gained the attention of the whole country - It was derived from a polyphonic texture known as collective improvisation, which had its roots in African-American folk music - In the eighteenth century New Orleans was under French and Spanish rule, and imported culture from both those countries - It was one of the first cities in embrace grand operas, and the celebration of Mardi Gras outlines how dance and celebration is a large part of culture in the city - Unlike much of the northern United States, slaves were allowed to practice their own religion and participate in cultural activities - Congo Square was a large field where slaves and blacks would gather to play music and dance New Orleans Style - The earliest New Orleans bands featured a violinist, but it was eliminated quickly - There were no solos in this type of jazz, and instead the cornet, clarinet and trombone improvised simultaneously Original Dixieland Jazz Band - They were first signed by Columbia records but they rejected their first recording - After being signed by another group and releasing an album they became instant hits and Columbia released the original two song which sold hundreds of thousands of copies - They also first coined the word "jazz" and the genre quickly exploded all across the globe - New Orleans was racially integrated and many white musicians were interested in jazz - ODJB was made up of five musicians, all of whom were not overly talented and carry a bad rap in jazz history - The "Dixie Jass Band One-Step" feels very care free but it is very organized Jelly Roll Morton (1890-1941)
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