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MUSC 2140 (14)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8- Count Basie and Duke Ellington.pdf

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University of Guelph
MUSC 2140
Howard Spring

Chapter 8- Count Basie and Duke Ellington Introduction - Swing was a national movement, but a separate movement headquartered in Kansas City contributed to jazz enough moved the movement in a different direction - Many African-Americans headed to the Southwest in search of mining jobs, and some even founded black-only town in Oklahoma - The boogie-woogie is a blues piano style that has a fast 8 beat bass line that leaves the right hand available to play whatever kind of blues the player wants Territory Bands - Territory bands were bands that worked within a geographic area of a one day's drive of where they headquartered - The Twelve Clouds of Joy led by tuba player Andy Kirk was a territory band that constantly toured making just enough money to survive, but caught a big break and signed with a record label in 1936 - Mary Lou Williams played with the band one night after the pianists didn't show up for a gig - She was immediately hired to play with the band full time, and was of the first black female musicians to play in a professional setting - She wrote "Walkin' and Swingin'" in 1936 and was one of The Twelve Clouds of Joy's first records Count Basie (1904-1984) - William "Count" Basie grew up in Kansas City and dropped out of school to focus on his music - He heard a band called the Blue Devils and absolutely loved there sound, so he became an irregular performer in there group, but they broke up in 1933 - Count Basie and the leader of the Blue Devil, led by bassist Walter Page joined another jazz group in West Virginia, but later returned to Kansas City - Head arrangements are arrangements that aren't written down and simply just remembered by the musicians who wrote and played it - At performanc
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