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MUSC 2140 (14)
Chapter 11

Chapter 11- Bebop.pdf

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MUSC 2140
Howard Spring

Chapter 11- Bebop Introduction - In the mid-1940s jazz stood at a crossroads where swing came out of the spotlight, and a new genre of jazz called Bebop emerged with a much smaller following, often associated with drug abuse - Swing musicians played at dance halls and lived at night, playing until the sun rose in the morning - Bebop was technically extremely challenging and many artists would battle against each other to see who could handle improvising at quick speeds - Charlie Parker and other bebop notables regularly played at Minton's playhouse in Harlem - Parker gained the name "Klock" for his combined snare drum and bass drum hits - Because the music was so complicated, rhythm sections and soloists had to coordinate before playing to ensure they could keep the same melody going - White musicians were granted long term gigs in hotels and prime time radio broadcasts, where black musicians often spent their time non-stop touring - Many black musicians turned to bebop because it gave them a chance to play outside the "system" Charlie Parker (1920-1955) - Parker grew up in Kansas City, is widely accepted as the most gifted alto saxophonist in jazz history, known by the nick name "Bird" - He played in his high school marching band and he was often booed off stage in his early days - Parker spent a summer learning every key and modeling his playing after Lester Young - He spent most of his life addicted to heroin and never remained with a band for long because of this addiction, and ended his life doing drugs and playing in small clubs in New York Dizzy Gillespie (1917-1993) - Gillespie, known as "Dizzy," played at speed not thought possible, and could keep up with Parker note for note - He taught himself trumpet in such an unconventional way that his neck muscles protruded out, and a disease was named after his condition - He reached his pea
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