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Unit 8.pdf

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Department
Music
Course
MUSC 2150
Professor
Shannon Carter
Semester
Summer

Description
UNIT  8  pg  254-­‐273   Psychedelia   1966-­1969   1967  the  summer  of  love     Drugs  and  he  quest  for  higher  consciousness   The  Doors  of  perception:  Ken  Kesey,  Timothy  Leary  and  LSD.     Young  adults  wanted  new  ways  of  experiencing  the  world  as  they  felt  the  cultural  values  of   the  50s  were  too  “normal”.  Young  people  were  superstitious  of  the  go vernment,  schools,  the   church,  military  police,  “The  Man”,  etc.  Many  young  people  turned  to  drugs  for  their  new   way  of  experiencing  the  world,  mainly  LSD  and  Marijuana.     Ken  Kesey(author)  and  Timothy  Leary(ex -­‐Harvard  Prof,  wrote  a  book  in  1964  :  the   psychedelic  experience)publically  rejected  the  establishment  and  promoted  the  use  of   hallucinogenic  drugs  to  “open  the  doors  of  perception”.  This  lead  to  higher  drug  usage  in   young  adults,  radical  philosophy  and  a  rise  in  Eastern  religion  in  the  east.     LSD  was  originally  developed  as  an  accident  when  a  scientist  was  trying  to  find  a  cure  for   migraines  in  1943  and  since  then  the  CIA  have  experimented  with  it  as  a  truth  telling  serum.   Young  adults  began  using  it  in  the  early  60s  as  a  method  to  “perceive  th e  world  and  life   itself  as  they  really  were”  –  leads  to  higher  consciousness  which  in  the  past  only  available  to   mystics  and  visionaries.       A  journey  to  the  east.   This  new  counterculture  was  originally  restricted  to  large  cities.  First  sign  of  its  spread  w as   1966  was  the  Byrds’  “Eight  Miles  High”  which  blended  drug  use  and  eastern  religion.   The   Beatles  also  influenced  the  culture  taking  on  eastern  religion  by  becoming  students  of   transcendental  meditation.  Hippies  combined  drug  use  and  meditation  to  achieve  the  higher   consciousness.     Two  Psychedelic  approaches  to  music.   Approach  1:  Use  music  to  enhance  a  drug  trip  as  the  music  acts  as  the  soundtrack  to  the  trip   by  adding  novel  and  unfamiliar  sounds.  Music:  The   Grateful  Dead  and  Pink  Floyd       Approach  2:  The  music  acted  as  the  trip.  The  music  must  act  as  the  drug  which  takes  the   listener  on  an  aural  journey  which  leads  to  the  higher  consciousness.  This  can  also  be   enhanced  with  drug  use.    Music:   The  Beatles  and  The  Doors     Psychedelic  Ambition:  the  Beach  Boys  and  The   Beatles   Two  Bands  One  Label.  (the  Beach  Boys  and  the  Beatles)   Beach  Boys  and  the  Beatles  were  both  on  the  same  record  label  in  the  USA,  Capitol.   Competed  against  each  other  for  fans  but  also  attention  of  the  record  company     A  the  60s  progressed  the  music  of  these  two  bands  became  more  complicated  ie  lyrics  with   more  serious  topics,  wider  range  of  instrumentation,  harmonic  languages,  abandoning  or   changing  formal  styles,  and  more  time  in  the  recording  studio.     Beatles  moved  towards  a  m ore  artistic  approach.     Beach  Boy  lead  vocalist,  bassist  and  song  writer  Brian  Wilson  wanted  to  surpass  the   accomplishments  of  music  producer  Phil  Spector  so  their  music  became  more  experimental.       Between  the  competition  between  the  bands  and  their  own  am bitions  they  started  the   change  of  rock  music  between  dancing  music  to  listening  music.  They  also  inspired  each   other  to  write  better  music.     “Good  Vibrations”.     Released  by  the  Beach  Boys  in  1966  which  consumed  more  studio  time  and  budget  money   to  produce  than  any  other  pop  song.    Considered  to  be  Wilson’s  finest  achievement.  The   song  took  the  listener  on  a  trip  through  unfamiliar  musical  territory.   Song  was  recorded  one  section  at  a  time  then  joined  together  by  cutting  the  recorded  tape   and  connecting  the  parts  together.   The  first  portion  of  the  song  is  a  contrasting  verse -­‐course  approach  but  then  adds  3   completely  different  sections  not  following  any  patterns.    Each  of  the  3  sections  has   different  instrumentation.  S1:  tack  piano,  Jew  harp,  bass  harmonica ,  sleigh  bells,  voices,   tambourine  and  organ.  S2:    low  organ  and  percussion  vocals  then  into  high  organ  and  bass.   S3  has  a  3  part  vocal  which  is  similar  to  the  chorus  of  the  song.     The  order  of  the  sections  was  experimented  heavily  before  the  song  was  rele ased.     Sgt.  Pepper’s  Lonely  Hearts  Club  Band.   The  Beatles  abandoned  touring  after  the  release  of  Revolver  to  focus  on  recording  new   material.  Due  to  this  the  Beatles  could  record  music  which  they  wouldn’t  have  to  perform   live  therefore  they  could  be  more  creative  and  ambitious.     Released  a  single  in  1967  due  to  not  having  a  record  ready  yet  and  being  absent  from  the   charts  for  any  longer  would  have  been  a  bad  idea.  “Penny  Lane”  and  Strawberry  Fields   Forever”  (SFF).    The  band’s  ambisiosness  can  be  heard  in  t hese  songs.  Ie  the  picilo  trumpet   solo  in  penny  lane,  or  the  wide  variety  of  sounds  in  Strawberry  fields  such  as  cellos,  inside -­‐ the-­‐piano  playing,  reversed  tracks,  Mellotron  (sampling  keyboard  which  playes  recorded   tracks  of  strings,  choral  voices,  ensembl e  of  recorders.  Pretty  much  an  early  synthesizer).     Also  the  final  version  of  SFF  was  spliced  together  of  two  encodings  at  different  tempos  and   keys.     Sgt.  Pepper’s  Lonely  hearts  club  Band  was  first  ment  to  be  a  record  based  around  growing   up  around  Liverpool  but  when  the  single  was  released  they  changed  their  idea  to  the   Beatles  assuming  the  role  of  the  fictional  Sgt.  Pepper’s  Lonely  hearts  club  Band  preforming  a   number  of  acts  at  a  fictional  performance.  (the  full  album  can  be  found  here:   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1T5fqLBhZgo  )    .  This  was  rocks  first  concept  album:  an   album  organized  around  a  central  idea  or  story.  Many  other  bands  imitated  this  idea.  Also   was  considered  one  of  rock’s  most  impo rtant  albums  as  it  marked  a  fundamental  change  to   rock.  This  album  also  shifted  the  attention  of  releasing  singles  to  releasing  full  albums  in  the   rock  world  as  the  basic  unit.     A  Day  in  the  life  incorporates  many  experimental  techniques  such  as  string  pla yers  using   aleatoric  (starting  on  a  low  note  and  gradually  going  higher  until  an  end  point  where  they   play  the  closest  major  E  chord.)       Collapse  and  retreat:  SMiLE  and  Smiley  Smile   Wilson  began  working  on  the  never  released  album  SMiLE  and  planned  to  rele ase  it  in  1966.   The  project  was  abandoned  in  1967.  Some  speculate  the  album  wasn’t  finished  due  to   Wilsons  high  drug  intake  confusing  him.  Some  recording  exist  of  parts  of  songs  and  they   were  highly  experimental  and  complex  similar  to  good  vibrations.     After  this  they  released  a  different  album  named  Smiley  Smile  which  had  simplified  songs   which  they  contin
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