Textbook chapter 6 notes

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Proteins: large, complex molecules found in the cells of all living things. Balances fluids and acid to base ratio. Contain nitrogen found in amino acids- combine to form proteins. 1)amine, 2) acid, 3) hydrogen atom, 4) side chain- important for protein variations. Most proteins in our body made of 20 amino acids. Essential amino acids: amino acids not produced by the body that must be obtained from food. Without; lose ability to make proteins and other nitrogen containing compounds. Non-essential amino acids: can be manufactured by the body in sufficient quantities and thus do not need to be consumed regularly. ** some non-essential a. a can become essential aka. Transamination: process of transferring the amine group from one amino acid to another to manufacture a new amino acid ( process of making non-essential a. a) Free pool of amino acids in the blood ready to be used.

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