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Chapter 6

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PHIL 1050
Mark Mc Cullagh

Chapter 6: The Social Contract Theory P. 91-97 6.4. The Problem of Civil Disobedience: - Modern example of civil disobedience taken from the Indian independence movement lead by Mohandas K. Gandhi (1869-1948) - Another example is the American civil rights movement led by Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) - Both were characterized by the public, conscientious, non-violent refusal to comply with the law. - 1930 Gandhi and his followers marched to the coastal village of Dandi, where they defied British law by distilling salt from saltwater. - British has been controlling salt production so they could force the Indian peasants to buy it at high prices - Dr. King led the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which began after Rosa Parks was arrested on December 1 , 1955, for refusing to give her bus seat up to a white man. - Parks was defying one of the “Jim Crow” laws designed to enforce racial segregation in the South. - Both King and Gandhi were murdered by gun fire, butthre seen as the two greatest proponents of nonviolence in the 20 Century. - Gandhi’s Goal: replace British power rule with an entirely different system. - King’s Goal: objected the laws and social policies that they felt were unjust, therefore they refused to comply with them. Wanted to change them (no more racial segregation) - Social Contract Theory: we are obligates to obey the law because we each participate in a social system that promises more benefits than burdens. 6.5. Difficulties for the Theory: - Two Objections against the social contract theory: - 1) Said to be based on historical fiction: - Asked to imagine that people once lived in isolation from
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