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PHIL 2140 (1)
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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 2140
Professor
Kenneth Dorter
Semester
Fall

Description
Copleston: Philosophers   Empedocles:  ­ Century: 5  century (444 B.C.)  ­ Principle beliefs: believed that the four elements (fire, water, air and earth) were  the basic components of everything thing. Believes that nothing comes from  nothing  ­ School affiliation: ­­­  Anaxagoras:  ­ Century: 5  century (500 B.C.) ­ Principle beliefs: believes that like generates like (X comes from X), an infinite  number of element made up matter ­ School affiliation: ­­­    Protagoras:  th ­ Century: 5  century (481 B.C.) ­ Principle beliefs: everything is true. And man is the measure of all things  ­ School affiliation: Sophist  Gorgias:  th  ­ Century: 5 century (483­375 B.C.) ­ Principle beliefs: nothing exist, it would have been either eternal or come into  being. If there were anything, could not be known. Even if there were knowledge  of being, could not be imparted.  ­ School affiliation: Sophist   Pythagoras:  ­ Century: 6  century (570­495 B.C.)  ­ Principle beliefs: everything is based on number and true reality consists of them  (essence of being can be found in form of numbers)  ▯describe everything that is  geometric.  ­ School affiliation: Pythagorean   Leucippus:  ­ Century: 5  century  ­ Principle beliefs: matter wasn’t continuously divisible. But they could explain  how atoms combined to form solids, liquids and gases  ­ School affiliation: Atomist    Democritus:  ­ Century: 5  century  ­ Principle beliefs: Principle beliefs: matter wasn’t continuously divisible. But they  could explain how atoms combined to form solids, liquids and gases  ­ School affiliation: Atomist   Diogenes (of sinope):  ­ Century: 4  century (412­323 B.C.) ­ Principle beliefs: virtue was excellently expose in action than in theory  ­ School affiliation:  Cynicis
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