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POLS 2000 (8)
Chapter 18

POLS 2250 Chapter 18 Notes

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Political Science
POLS 2000
Michelle Dumas

Chapter 18Representative Bureaucracy and Employment EquityRepresentative BureaucracyA complete definition has been interpreted in a variety of waysGovernments would accept the following sentiments as the foundation for their efforts in this area that a public service that is representative of the larger society will be responsive to the needs and interests of the public and will thus be more responsible which is based on these propositions1If the values of the public service as a whole are similar to the total population the public service will make the kinds of decisions the public would make 2Values of the public servants are molded by the pattern of socialization theyexperiencebefore entering social patterns includeeducation social class occupational background race family and group associations3Values rising from this socialization will not be modified by prolonged exposure to bureaucratic values4Values arising will be reflected in the behaviour of public servants and therefore in recommendations and decisions5Thus the various groups in the population should be represented in the public service in approx demographic proportion so that public servants will be responsive to the interests of these groups both in policy development and in program delivery Critics say representative bureaucracy theory is vulnerableInsufficient for the public service as a whole to be broadly representative of the whole populationA public servant with certain social and educational origins will not necessarily share the values of those outside with similar originsthe process of socialization continues after entry of the public service in the form of resocialization to the values of the service as a whole Generally it is possible to have a representative public service that is not responsive and a responsive public service that is not representativeThe Representativeness of the Canadian BureaucracyData indicated that the service is not a microcosm of Canadian SocietyIt is not the policy of the federal government to establish the exact demographic representation of all groups in society rather their aim is to achieve a more proportionate representation of a limited number of politically significant but underrepresented groupsPrime motivation to represent these groups is to make the public service more responsive in both the provision of policy advise and the delivery of servicesAssumption that representativeness will promote responsiveness is central to the theory of representative bureaucracy
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