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Canada (161,869)
POLS 2300 (129)
Chapter 10

POLS 2300 Chapter 10

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Political Science
POLS 2300
Nanita Mohan

Chapter 10 Parties: Definition and Functions - Political parties are organizations that offer slates of candidates to voters at election time. - Parties raise money and recruit and select representatives. - Seven functions that political parties play in a democracy: o 1. Integrating citizens into the political system: Links the government and citizens. o 2. Developing policy: Different parties represent clear ideological and policy options. o 3. Elite recruitment: Those elected in Canada are associated with a political party and run as the official candidates of their parties. Individuals with higher educations and more income are more likely to participate in a party. o 4. Organization of government: Traditions of the legislator is that the government benches face those of the opposition parties. o 5. Structuring the vote: More individuals rely on party labels as a sort of hand for hand idea and policies that a candidate represents. . THE VOTES ARE USUALLY SPLIT 85% CONSERVATIVE AND LIBERAL WHILE NDP HAS THE REST. o 6. Organizing public opinion: Parties are on the structure(right/center or left winged), and this forms parts of their ideologies. Brokerage politics (Flexible centrist style of politics). Co-operative commonwealth federation: (one of the parties presenting voters with a class based definition of Canadian politics). o 7. Interest aggression: Interest groups are usually too narrow minded and don’t have a big enough group. The origins and Evolution of Canada’s party system: The nature of Brokerage politics - Liberal and conservative parties have existed since the 1840’s and 50’s. - Liberal conservatives: John A MacDonald was the leader, it had many groups with it such as Quebec and Ontario. - The national policy had key elements: Implement protective tariff to help promote growth of manufacturing and creation of a railroad. Some opposition coalitions were Clear gifts from west Canada and rouges from eastern, they wanted free trade with US, then Wilfred Laurier became their leader. - Party of rivelehe: Claimed all natural and healthy societies are ruled by natural governing elite. - In 1860’s and 70’s largesse was the dominant feature. People voted with others there to bribe them. - Open ballot was eliminated in 1870’s. - Trudeau’s government implemental wage and price controls to cure inflation, Jean Cretain promised to eliminate gst and reopen negotiations with Americans on the free trade agreement but it declined. - Siegfried’s central contention about the system is true; our dominant parties have continued to be much more flexible, opportunistic and dominated by their leaders. - Brokerage theory
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