Parties: Definition and Functions
- Political parties are organizations that offer slates of candidates to voters at
- Parties raise money and recruit and select representatives.
- Seven functions that political parties play in a democracy:
o 1. Integrating citizens into the political system: Links the government and
o 2. Developing policy: Different parties represent clear ideological and
o 3. Elite recruitment: Those elected in Canada are associated with a
political party and run as the official candidates of their parties. Individuals
with higher educations and more income are more likely to participate in a
o 4. Organization of government: Traditions of the legislator is that the
government benches face those of the opposition parties.
o 5. Structuring the vote: More individuals rely on party labels as a sort of
hand for hand idea and policies that a candidate represents. . THE
VOTES ARE USUALLY SPLIT 85% CONSERVATIVE AND LIBERAL
WHILE NDP HAS THE REST.
o 6. Organizing public opinion: Parties are on the structure(right/center or
left winged), and this forms parts of their ideologies. Brokerage politics
(Flexible centrist style of politics). Co-operative commonwealth federation:
(one of the parties presenting voters with a class based definition of
o 7. Interest aggression: Interest groups are usually too narrow minded and
don’t have a big enough group.
The origins and Evolution of Canada’s party system: The nature of Brokerage
- Liberal and conservative parties have existed since the 1840’s and 50’s. - Liberal conservatives: John A MacDonald was the leader, it had many groups
with it such as Quebec and Ontario.
- The national policy had key elements: Implement protective tariff to help promote
growth of manufacturing and creation of a railroad. Some opposition coalitions
were Clear gifts from west Canada and rouges from eastern, they wanted free
trade with US, then Wilfred Laurier became their leader.
- Party of rivelehe: Claimed all natural and healthy societies are ruled by natural
- In 1860’s and 70’s largesse was the dominant feature. People voted with others
there to bribe them.
- Open ballot was eliminated in 1870’s.
- Trudeau’s government implemental wage and price controls to cure inflation,
Jean Cretain promised to eliminate gst and reopen negotiations with Americans
on the free trade agreement but it declined.
- Siegfried’s central contention about the system is true; our dominant parties have
continued to be much more flexible, opportunistic and dominated by their
- Brokerage theory