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Chapter 2

Chapter 2 Modern Governance.docx

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Political Science
POLS 3250

Chapter 2 Modern Governance The Challenges for Policy AnalysisThe nature of policy work depends on the contextthe context has been changing in the last decade This chapter reviews the key forces underpinning this change globalization political culture and governance Public policy a course of action inaction undertaken by public authorities to address a problem or interrelated set of problems Policy analysis disciplined application of intellect to public problemsIn Canada as elsewhere the impact of the new economic order the information revolution and the growing populist demand for greater public participation as a means of solving problems is being felt in virtually every sector and in every areas of government activity There are three powerful undercurrents beneath the waves of political turmoil and policy reversal evident in Canada and throughout the industrialized world They are globalization shifts in political culture and new ideas about governance and public managementGlobalizationThomas Friedmanglobalization is the overarching international system shaping domestic politics and foreign relations of virtually every country It is a dynamic process that involves inexorable integration of markets nationstates and technologies Its driving idea is free market capitialsimwhich alls global economic forces to penetrate domestic economies It has its own dominant culturelargely Americanwestern has its own international balaice of powerbetween nation states Recognizes that people live in communities that are deeply rooted and will bend only so far in the face of global economics and cultural forces Scholterecognizes four culdesacs in conceptualizing globalization internationalization liberalization removing restrictions between countries universalization and westernizationargues that ideas only built on these conceptions fail to understand that these have existed long before modern globalization officially existed Globalitythe sense that the entire planet is a single social sphere Contemporary globalization is defined by globality which in turn is defined by information and communications technologies and the Internet We explore contemporary globalization in terms of five scapes ethnoscapes movement of people technoscapes internet etc fincancescapes financial flows mediascapes global media coverage ideoscapes flow of ideologiesglobality is the sense that these scapesdespite their heterogeneitymerge seamlessly and simultaneously in an almost ordinary wayThere has been a major economic transformation in the past 50 yearsdevelopment of international trading system GATT WTO IMFthe long ward trend has been of world trade steadily upwards including immigrationTransnational Corporations an economic dimension of globalization not in themselves new ex hudsons bay co different about new ones is that their commercial interests are primary they operate across the globe and their national home base is relatively unimportant Final aspect of economic globalization is the increase in capital flows and mobilitymillions if individuals now invest in stocks bonds and currencies
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