Textbook Notes (367,747)
Canada (161,363)
POLS 3470 (14)
Tim Mau (14)
Chapter 14

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Political Science
POLS 3470
Tim Mau

Hale Chapter 14 Business, Political parties and the Electoral Process  The amount of influence that corporations (especially large scale financial organizations) and their ability to influence the political process is why there is such fine line between patronage and corruption Political Parties: Representation, Mobilization, and Competition among interests  Political parties are formal associations that contest elections and elect candidates to public office  Are also instruments for the mobilization of financial resources, campaigners and public workers  Changing forms of business interaction with political parties are called the franchise structure by Carty and Eagles  Laws placed in 2003 strictly regulate the amount that private corporations can donate to political parties and the political process  Although one corporation cannot have power to influence politics, as mentioned in chapter 3, when a cohesive group of business owners and executives comes together, it can be quite possible to influence the political direction and political players.  Functional specialization has reduced the role of political parties in the Government’s policy process Leadership selection  Party leaders are responsible for setting tone and direction for the party, and are not always recruited from within the party itself.  These leaders are elected to senior cabinet roles  As the system changed in recent decades, it has gone from a national or provincial funding level to a one member one vote type of system.  Power has shifted from regional and local party organizations to campaign organizations that are capable of mobilizing resources to successfully carry out party races.  When political executives need a sabbatical from politics, they can sometimes go into large corporations at senior levels to recharge their mental and financial batteries, restock their networks and eventually get ready to go back to politics. Setting party priorities  Depending on the type of political party, its views and value, a party may place more or less influence on economic markets and corporations.  Others may discount business influence to bring voters to swing specific influential decisions  Anthony Downs’s Marginal voter model Structure of Party Competition  Kenneth Carty outlined four main party systems that have shaped Canada’s political system o First was loose coalitions and partisans as well as their economic associates and clients o Second, from 1920’s to 1950’s, resulted in the fragmentation of political parties among class lines from the after effects of the first world war  Federal politics was the emergence of extra-parliamentary parties to distance party leaders from necessary personal engagement.  The provincial regionalization of party systems effectively privileges the local economic business interests. o Third system, primarily after the 1960’s up to the 1990’s, created more wide-spread participation in political parties on the local level and in leadership opportunities. o Business influence is most likely to be influential in two or three main party system, such as the system in Ontario, through brokerage parties. o When there is a dominant party system over a period of time there begins to be a single kind of industry or business involvement with the political party. o The main exception to brokerage parties is in provincial politics o Serious side effect of political regionalization is that no political party has been able to maintain political influence throughout the whole country.
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