Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
U of G (10,000)
POLS (800)
POLS 1400 (100)
Chapter 14

POLS 1400 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Egalitarianism, Red Tory, National Energy Program

Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1400
Nanita Mohan

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Chapter 14: Political Parties and the Party System
Theoretical considerations
Political party: an organized group that nominates candidates and contests elections in
order to influence the personnel and policy of government
Parties are different in two main ways
o Broader in scope and aggregate, combine, consolidate or appeal to many different
interests or demands
ie issues. In this way political parties play a central role in structuring
political disagreement and in drawing attention to some issues rather than
o Tied to formal institutions of government including the electoral system and
parliament all of which are based on territorial representation
Recruit decision makers: usually people who have been members for some time and have
been trained and groomed
The govt party also appoints certain political officeholders, often from the ranks of its
own supporters, a practice referred to as political patronage
Formulate public policy and successful party implements it
Broker parties: try to appeal to a wide range of interests in society in order to form a
majority government based on a coalition of groups
Missionary or ideological parties: try to cut through such divisions by emphasizing a
central message usually based on social class
Cadre parties: not particularly democratic in structure or operation
Mass parties: promote a large membership with significant influence in the functioning of
the party
Electoralist: being focused on winning elections
Catch all parties: want to maximize their votes
Programmatic parties: retain a somewhat ideological agenda
Historical evolution of Canadian parties
The first party system 1867-1921 conservative and liberals monopolized Canadian politics
MP’s were called “ministerialists” because of their promise to support the ministry of the
day in return for government favours
MacDonald coalition was when the conservative party began
French radicals and clear grits from upper Canada were left out
Laurier won the election of 1896, moving to liberal instead of conservative
Canada moved from one party dominance to two party system in which liberals and
conservatives competed on equal terms
Most English speaking liberal MPS agreed to join the conservatives in a union
government in 1917 but laurier and the French Canadian liberals remained in opposition
leaving that party badly split
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version