POLS 1500 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Mutual Assured Destruction, Free Market, Barter

50 views6 pages

For unlimited access to Textbook Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

POLS 1500 Chapter Notes
(CHAPTER 1)
What is a country?
1. Antarctica
2. Atmospheric near-space (on the edge between the atmosphere and outer space)
3. The high seas (in the middle of the oceans.)
These have been deemed international public spaces (like parks) thereby allowing any country to
use them to benefit humanity.
Countries have four basic elements:
1. Territory (natural resources)
2. Population (people)
3. State (government)
4. Culture (high & low)
The physical environment most importantly features territory and all natural resources. Natural
resources include:
1. Water
2. Food crops
3. Other plants
4. Animals
5. Timber
6. Useful rocks and minerals, such as silver and gold, coal and oil.
Biggest countries (by size):
1. Russia
2. Canada
3. United states
World’s top 10 religions:
1. Christianity (and its denominations)
2. Islam
3. Hinduism
4. Chinese folk religion
5. Buddhism
6. Indigenous folk religions
7. Judaism
8. Sikhism
9. Baha’i
10. Jainism
Non state actors – are non-governmental groupings or institutions. Non state actors are
collectively referred to as NGO’s (non-governmental organizations)
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Social movements – people coming together to provide their position on a certain cause.
Interest groups – similar to social movements, more highly involved in politics and highly
organized.
The most influential and important of the non-state actors:
1. Multinational corporations – big businesses with multiple units in multiple countries.
2. Aid and development charities, or NGO’s (sometimes religious)
3. Social movements or international interest groups (especially ones connected with peace,
health, human rights, and environmental issues).
4. Terrorist groups, insurgent forces, and private militia.
A state refers to the government of a country. The interstate system has its origins in European
history and through European colonialism and imperialism. Humanity evolved in Africa. Our
first ancestors lived as hunter-gatherers never having one home.
Around 10,000 years ago, the first agricultural settlements were created. The origins of modern
Europe are to be found in ancient Greece. Ancient Greece was a collection of so-called city
states.
Empire – is a system of governance forged in military conquest.
Colonies – which are the conquered and subjected lands.
The metropole conquers the colony by force. At times the metropole have offered citizenship
rights, of various degrees, to the people within their colonies as a way of getting obedience and
attracting the brightest minds to the metropole. In exchange for the benefits of military protection
and being part of the empire the conquered people within the colonies commonly must offer the
following to the metropole:
1. Political allegiance
2. Taxes and other financial tributes
3. Local troops
4. Steady and large flow of natural resources
Also, the colony usually winds up suffering brain drain, as its brightest people seek better
opportunities for themselves within the heart of the metropole. The governance of the Roman
Empire a form of cosmopolitan governance, at odds with that of the modern nation-state.
After Rome
-The only institution to survive the collapse of Roman civilization was the Roman
Catholic Church.
-Europe took many steps backwards during the dark ages, which lasted from 500 to 1000
CE.
-Persia, North Africa, china and India flourished.
Over centuries, we see the rise of the European nation-state, with:
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class