POLS 2250 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Onboarding

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Political Science
Course
POLS 2250
Professor
Chapter 9: Frameworks, Values, and Bureaucratic Power
- Institutional framework
Types of interactions public servants have
1. Relations with an organization, be it a department or crown
corporation
2. Relations between an organization and other entities within
government
3. Appointed officials dealing with bodies existing outside government
o Concept of Power
Power is a relational concept
Useful for describing, and explaining relations between and among
organizations, groups, and individuals, between and among governments
Defined: the capacity to secure the dominance of one’s values or goals
o Control and influence
Two type of power
Control: form of power in which A has authority to direct or command B
Influence: when B conforms to A’s desires, values, or goals by suggestion,
persuasion, emulation, or anticipation, then A excercises influence over B.
Can cause power to flow upward
o Internal and external interactions (p.145 chart)
Internal interactions: intradepartmental activities; staff and line officials, deputy
ministers carrying out their roles and giving advice to ministers
External within government: interdepartmental, executive-bureaucratic,
legislative-bureaucratic, judicial-bureaucratic; other departments and agencies,
PM, cabinet, parliament and agents, federal and provincial courts
Horizontal relations: public servants coordinating with counterparts in
other organizations
External outside government: intergovernmental, governmental-
nongovernmental; provincial/territorial/local governments, pressure groups,
media, parties
Relations with other governments
Power can flow in 2 directions
- Public service values
o Enduring beliefs that influence our attitudes and actions
o Neutrality: cannot be value-neutral but can be politically neutral
o Accountability: administrative accountability is concern for the legal, institutional and
procedural means in which public servants have to answer for their actions
o Efficiency and effectiveness:
Economy: acquisition of the appropriate good and service at the best possible
price
Effectiveness: measure of the extent to which an activity achieves objectives
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Document Summary

Relations with an organization, be it a department or crown corporation. Relations between an organization and other entities within government. Appointed officials dealing with bodies existing outside government: concept of power. Useful for describing, and explaining relations between and among organizations, groups, and individuals, between and among governments. Defined: the capacity to secure the dominance of one"s values or goals: control and influence. Control: form of power in which a has authority to direct or command b. Influence: when b conforms to a"s desires, values, or goals by suggestion, persuasion, emulation, or anticipation, then a excercises influence over b. Internal interactions: intradepartmental activities; staff and line officials, deputy ministers carrying out their roles and giving advice to ministers. External within government: interdepartmental, executive-bureaucratic, legislative-bureaucratic, judicial-bureaucratic; other departments and agencies, Pm, cabinet, parliament and agents, federal and provincial courts. Horizontal relations: public servants coordinating with counterparts in other organizations. External outside government: intergovernmental, governmental- nongovernmental; provincial/territorial/local governments, pressure groups, media, parties.

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