POLS 2300 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Canadian Federalism, Concurrent Powers, Canada Social Transfer

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Sovereign state wields authority and power in that it is capable of maintaining order within its territory. Unitary systems- centralized, one-level political systems: constitution provides for a single level of sovereign power in the, examples found in britain, france and japan country. Over 15 times more unitary states than federal states in the world: twenty-one federal states but contain about half the world"s government and the regional government(s) population. Constant rival between federal and provincial governments because they govern the same people and territories. Federalism is constantly changing to meet the needs and circumstances. Confederation- a form of political organization that very loosely unites strong provincial or state units under a weak government. The ten provincial constitutions follow the federal pattern. Provincial legislatures are elected for a maximum of five years and, unlike the federal parliament, which has two houses, today the provincial legislatures are all unicameral. Today, canada is certainly not a quasi-federal state.

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