Consists of: crown, senate (upper level of legislature --> appointed, house of commons (lower level of legislature --> elected) Deal with problems of constituents: system-maintenance functions. Contribute to the work and legitimacy of other parts of the political system and the state. Sessions: working periods when government is open for business (# depends on gov"t of the day, but required to meet at least once a year) 3 major events: speech from the throne. Gg summons mp"s and senators of parliament at the request of the pm. Members of both houses come together in the senate chamber. The speech (read by the gg) outlines the governments proposed legislative program for the forthcoming session. *first speech tends to be reiteration of campaign promises. Adjournment: break taken by the house during a session. Speech occupies the rst few days, then it is debated (can take several days: presentation of the budget.