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Chapter 12

PSYC 1000 Chapter 12: Chapter 12


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1000
Professor
Paula Barata
Chapter
12

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Chapter 12: Personality
12.1 Contemporary Approaches to Personality:
Personality: A characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving
that is unique to each individual, and remains relatively consistent over
time and situations.
Idiographic Approach: Creating detailed descriptions of a specific
peso’s uiue pesoality haateistis.
Helpful for understanding yourself and your social world, but also a full
range of human experiences.
Nomothetic Approach: Examine personality in large groups of people,
with the aim of making generalizations about personality structure.
The key to this research is to identify the important personality traits that
are related to whatever it is that you are interested in understanding.
The Trait Perspective:
Personality Trait: A peso’s haitual pattes of thikig, feelig, ad ehaig
Summarize a great of information about a person, and help predict how a
person will behave across a range of different situations.
Trait Descriptors are useful as short-cuts to understanding people.
Factor Analysis: Used to group items that people respond to similarly; for
instance, the terms friendly, warm, and kind have similar meanings, and can be
grouped in a cluster, referred to as a factor.
Five Factor Model: A trait-based theory of personality based on the finding that
personality can be described using five major dimensions.
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Beyond The Big Five: The Personality of Evil
HEXACO Model of Personality: A six-factor theory that generally replicates the
five factors of the FFM and adds one additional factor: Honesty-Humility
High HH individuals tend to
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