Cognition: mental activities and processes associated with thinking, knowing remembering and communicating information. We think about concepts which are mental gorupings of similar objects, events states, ideas, and/or people. Memory: the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information. Recall: a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fill- in-the-blank test. When we access our memories we filter or fill in parts to make our memories more consistent. Questio(cid:374) of the dete(cid:272)ti(cid:448)e (cid:862)(cid:449)he(cid:374) te t(cid:449)o (cid:272)ares (cid:448)iole(cid:374)tly hit ea(cid:272)h other? (cid:863) (cid:448)s. (cid:862)(cid:449)he(cid:374) a (cid:272)ollisio(cid:374) Incorporating misleading information in the memory of an event o(cid:272)(cid:272)urred? (cid:863) Recognition: a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as on a multiple-choice test. Relearning: a measure of memory that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material again. Encoding: the processing of information into the memory system-for example, by extracting meaning.