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Chapter 7

Chapter 7 Summary.docx

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PSYC 1000
Anne Bergen

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Psychology Chapter 7 summaryLearning the process by which experience produces a relatively enduring change in an organisms behaviour or capabilitiesAdapting to the environmenthow do we learn The search for mechanismsbehaviourists focus on how organisms learn how experience influences behaviour rather than studying mental state how do we learnThe Search for FunctionsEthology focuses on animal behaviour within the natural environmentadaptive significancehow behaviour influences an organisms chances for survival and reproduction in natural environmentFixed action pattern an unlearned response automatically triggered by a particular stimulus eg hatched herring galls peck at mother beak or imitation It was found thatsome fixed action patterns can be changed by experiencemany instinctive behaviour involved learningeg indigo bunting birds do not instinctively migrate following the north star but migrate toward the star they have learned is stationary Crossroads of Learning Biology Cognition and Cultureenvironment shapes behaviour through personal adaption and species adaptionlearning does not modify genetics but genetically based features that allow that learning survive and reproduce through natural selectioncognitive psychologists challenge behavioural psychological assumption that learning does not involve cognitive processeshabituation an decrease in the strength of response to repeated stimuluskey adaptive functionClassical Conditioning Associating one Stimulus with AnotherClassical conditioning organism learns to associate two stimuli such that one stimulus comes to produce a response that was originally produced only by the other stimulusPavlovs Pioneering Researchlearned that salvation in dogs can learnedThrough classical conditioning dogs learned to salivate to a noiseBasic Principles acquisition period of time when response is being learnedneutral stimulus the stimulus that is being taught to produce the response of another stimulusUnconditioned stimulus and unconditioned response natural behaviourlearning trial pairing neutral stimulus with eg food
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