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Module 44.docx PSYCH 1000

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PSYC 1000
Dan Meegan

Stephanie Oliveira 1 Module 44: Social influence Automatic Mimicry  Called the chameleon effect o Demonstrated by Tanya Chartrand and John Bargh in experiment. o Students worked alongside a confederate working for an experimenter  If he rubbed his face, the other students rubbed their face, too  Helps us to emphasize (to feel what others are feeling) o Explains why we feel happier around happier around happy people than around depressed people. o Studies of groups of British nurses and accountants have revealed mood linage—sharing up and down moods o Empathetic mimicking fosters fondness o Can lead to tragedies  Ex: # of suicides went up after Marilyn Monroe’s highly publicized suicide. Conformity and Social Norms Conformity: adjusting our behaviour or thinking to coincide with a group standard.  Solomon Asch devised an experiment that asked the group to state, one by one, which of the three lines are identical to the standard line. o When other people are told to say an incorrect answer, more than one third of the time the subject went along with the group  We are more likely to conform when we: o Are made to feel incompetent or insecure o Are in a group with at least 3 people o Are in a group in which everyone else agrees o Admire the groups status and attractiveness o Have not made a prior commitment to any response o Are from a culture that strongly encourages respect for social standards  Conformity rates are lower in individualist cultures. Normative social influence: influence resulting from person’s desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval  Explains why we conform  To avoid rejection or to gain social approval Informational social influence: influence resulting from one’s willingness to accept others’ opinions about reality  Explains why we conform  We want to be accurate  Rebecca Denton set the record for the furthest distance driven on the wrong side of a British divided highway o She thought the other drivers were all one the wrong side of the road. Obedience: Following Orders  Famous experiment by Stanley Milgram o Used the foot in the door technique to make people shock up to a deadly amount of voltage o Shocking because most people actually did deliver the shock when asked to, even thought the actor groaned and screamed  Obedience is highest when: o The person giving the orders was close hand and was perceived to be legitimate authority figure o The authority figure was supported by a prestigious institution o The victim was depersonalized or at a distance, even in another room o There were no role models for defiance.  Holocaust= when obedience was bad  Birkenhead ship on which soldiers stood still to allow passengers off the boat in calm= when obedience was good. Lessons from t
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