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Module 45.docx psych 1000

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PSYC 1000
Dan Meegan

Stephanie Oliveira 1 Module 45: Antisocial relations Prejudice  Means prejudgement  An unjustifiable and usually negative attitude toward a group and its members. Prejudice involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings and a predisposition to discriminatory actions. o Stereotype: a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people. o Discrimination: unjustifiable negative behaviour toward a group and its members Automatic Prejudice  Implicit racial associations o 9 in 10 white respondents took longer to identify pleasant words as good when presented with Black-sounding names o However, they denied harbouring racial prejudice= still carry negative associations  Unconscious patronization o When White university women evaluated a flawed essay and were told it was written by a fellow Black student, they gave markedly higher ratings and never expressed the harsh criticisms they assigned to flawed essays supposedly written by White students.  Race-influences perceptions o More likely to think a man is holding a gun if he is Black  Reflexive bodily responses o When people look at white and black faces, their implicit prejudice may show up in facial-muscle responses and in the activation of their emotion processing amygdala. Social Roots of Prejudice Social inequalities  Just-world phenomenon: the tendency for people to believe the world is just and that therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get  When some people have money. Power, and prestige and others do not, the “haves” usually develop attitudes that justify things as they are. Us and them: Ingroup and Outgroup  Ingroup: “us” –people with whom we share a common identity  Outgroup: “them” –those perceived as different or apart from our ingroup.  Ingroup bias: the tendency to favour our own group Emotional Roots of Prejudice  Scapegoat theory: the theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame Cognitive roots of prejudice  Other-race effect: the ten
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