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Chapter P

PSYC 2040 Chapter Notes - Chapter P: Psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2040
Professor
Dan Meegan
Chapter
P

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premature ejaculation
- recurring ejaculation before the person wants it, with minimal sexual stimulation
premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
- a disorder of mood whose symptoms include physical symptoms, severe mood
swings, and anxiety that cause incapacitation during most menstrual cycles,
starting in the final week before the onset of menses, improving within a few days
after the onset of menses, and becoming absent in the week post-menses
prepared learning
- certain associations can be learned more readily than others because this ability
has been adaptive for evolution
presenting problem
- original complaint reported by the client to the therapist
- the actual treated problem may sometimes be a modification derived from the
presenting problem
prevalence
- number of people displaying a disorder in the total population at any given time
(compare with incidence)
proband
- in genetics research, the individual displaying the trait or characteristic being
studied
- also known as index case
prodromal stage
- period during which some symptoms appear but before development of full
symptoms
prognosis
- predicted future development of a disorder over time
projective tests
- psychoanalytically based measures that present ambiguous stimuli to clients on
the assumption that their responses will reveal their unconscious conflicts
- such tests are inferential and lack high reliability and validity
prosody
- vocal characteristics such as tone and stress; people with autism spectrum
disorder often have trouble recognizing and interpreting these vocal cues
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