Textbook Notes (368,795)
Canada (162,165)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 2310 (266)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - What is Social Psychology.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 2310
Jeffrey Yen

Chapter 1 – What is Social Psychology What is Social Psychology? Social psychology: the scientific study of how people’s thoughts, attitudes, and behaviours are influenced by factors in the social world. How we think About Ourselves Self-perception: how we think about ourselves.  Specifically how our views of ourselves change with the environment Self-presentation: how people work to convey certain images of themselves to others.  Many strategies to presenting ourselves to others, cars, clothes, etc. How we think, feel, and act in the Social World Social Perception: how people form impressions of and make inferences about other people and events in the social world.  We form impressions easily and frequently  We often make mistakes when we are assessing the cause of someone else’s behaviour – usually focus too much on personal factors and not enough on situational Fundamental attribution error: the tendency to overestimate the role of personal causes, and underestimate the role of situational causes in predicting behaviour. Social cognition: how we think about the social world, and in particular how we select, interpret, and use information to make judgments about the world. Social influence: the impact of other people’s attitudes and behaviours on our own thoughts, feelings, attitudes, and behaviour. How Our Attitudes and Behaviours Shape the Social World Self-fulfilling prophecy: the process by which peoples expectations about a person lead them to elicit behaviour that confirms these expectations.  Leads people to confirm any beliefs they already have, hard to disprove these How Has Social Psychology Evolved Over Time? Behaviorism: a theory of learning that describes people’s behaviour as acquired through conditioning.  Still influential in social psych – ignores the role of people’s thought, feelings, and attitudes and is too simplistic to explain other behaviours Gestalt psychology: a theory that proposes objects are viewed holistic.  Look at the whole object and how it appears in people’s minds rather than the specific parts of it Historical Events  Many psychologists fled from Germany because of the Nazis’ – made them interested in group influence, etc.  Racial segregation also played role of social psychologists in the US – served as expert witnesses on how it should be accomplished Positive psychology: a recent branch of psychology that studies individual’s strengths and virtues. Hindsight bias: the tendency to see a given outcome as inevitable once the actual outcome is known. How is Social Psychology Connected to Other Fields? Links to Fields Within Psychology Personality Psychology  Focused on the role of individual differences – explain how different people feel and behave distinct ways  Social psychologists examine how different people react to different situations in distinct ways – focuses on aspects of personality in influencing behaviour in a situation Clinical Psychology  Diagnosing and treating mental health problems – focuses on understanding and treating people with psychological disorders  Social psychology examine issues relevant to it – looks at how presence of skinny people in media can influence women’s attitudes about their own body which may contribute to eating disorders Cognitive Psychology  Examine
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2310

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.