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PSYC 2310 (266)
Saba Safdar (156)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Social Psych.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2310
Professor
Saba Safdar
Semester
Winter

Description
Social Psychology – Chapter One - Social psychology is about understanding our social connections to each other – how they influence and are influences by what we think, feel and do. - Scientific study of how peoples thoughts, feelings and behaviours are influences by factors in the social world Using the scientific method Scientific method: A technique for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, and/or correcting pervious knowledge - Social psychologists form hypothesis: a testable prediction about the conditions under which an event will occur How we think about ourselves – self perception Self-presentation: how people work to convey certain images of themselves to others How we think, feel and act in the social world Social perception: how people form impressions of and make inferences about other people and events in the social world - Social cognition: how we think about the social world, and in particular how we select, interpret, and use information to make judgements about the social world Social influence: the impact of other people’s attitudes and behaviours on our thoughts, feelings and behaviour How our attitudes and behaviours shape the social world Self-fulfilling prophecy: the process by which people’s expectations about a person lead them to elicit behaviour that confirms these expectations – leads people to confirm whatever beliefs they have and makes it very difficult for those beliefs to be disconfirmed. Behaviourism: A theory of learning that describes people’s behaviour as acquired through conditioning - Focused on positive and negative effects on behaviour - Behaviour that was followed by a reward, it was argues, would continue, as a process referred to as conditioning. Behaviour that was followed by punishment would not. - It ignores the role of people’s thoughts, feelings, and attitudes and therefore is too simplistic to explain other behaviour Gestalt “whole form” Psychology: A theory that proposes objects are viewed holistically - Emphasized the importance of looking at the whole object and how it appeared in people’s minds, as opposed to looking at specific objective parts of the object Positive psychology: a recent branch of psychology that studies individuals’ strengths and virtues (1998) - Not about finding what is wrong with an individual or treating mental illness, but rather aims to improve and fulfill normal people’s lives The “I knew it all along” problem Example: We believe… “Opp
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