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Canada (162,403)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 2310 (266)
Saba Safdar (156)
Chapter

Soc Psyc CH 10 textbook notes (p332-352)

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2310
Professor
Saba Safdar

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Chapter 10 p 332352How does intergroup conflict developIntergroup conflict the conflict that occurs between groupsRealistic Conflict TheoryRealistic conflict theory the animosity between different groups ie Black vs white men vs women etc is a result of individuals selfinterest motives in terms of competition for jobs land and powerie White American students have more positive attitude toward Asian American when they think theyll be 1 working with an Asian American student on chemistry project partner is seen as an advantage than when they think theyll be 2 working with an African American partner partner as disadvantage because bad at chemistry and competing against an Asian American studentIn example 2 whites concerned about being outperformed by Asian who is considered a real threat to their own achievement They therefore show prejudiced beliefsShifting peoples group memberships making them into one of us can help overcome negative intergroup relationsStudy by Sherif 1966 examined role of competition in creating and reducing conflict between groups Reveals how quickly competition can lead to conflict and how cooperation can developTook group of boys to summer camp and divide group into two so that friendships that had formed were split with friends in different groupsbecause there were friends in opposite groups there should have been friendliness between the groups After the split however the members of each group then interacted completely apart from other group doing own activities creating their own namesThis was called group formationgroups participated in competition activities games sports etc Group flags burnt cabins ransacked food fights in dining hallThis involved competitive contact between groups leading to intergroup conflictLast stage superordinate goals created the attainment of which required that all the boys from both groups combine resources ie Pull food trick to campimportant for both groups and that neither group could achieve by itself pooling resources led to intergroup cooperationThree stages of realistic conflict theory1formulation of group leading to development of group culture2intergroup conflict created due to intergroup competition3intergroup cooperation developed due to presence of superordinate goalsThe simultaneous view of our own sides actions as just and fair and those of the other side as evil and selfish even when the outward behaviour may be identical is called mirrorimage perception Each group sees its own behaviour as caused by the same factorthe actions of the other sideRelative Deprivation TheoryRelative deprivation the discontent that is caused by the belief that one fares poorly compared to people in other groupsRelative deprivation theory emphasizes a groups perception of its circumstances whereas realistic conflict theory discusses actual resources that one group has while the other doesnt
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