Textbook Notes (368,164)
Canada (161,688)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 2310 (266)
c (14)
Chapter 9

Chapter 9- Feb. 8th.docx

3 Pages
87 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2310
Professor
c
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 9- Group Processes Feb. 8 2014 How do groups influence behaviour? - Groups influence behaviour through: • Social facilitation, 3 explanations for this effect o Distraction o Evaluation apprehension o Mere presence - Influences of social loafing: • Identifiable contributions o Whether people believe that their own contribution will be recognized • Contributions having impact o Whether you believe your efforts will have an impact on the group’s performance- in other words- if you work harder, better performance will result • Task importance o People are also motivated to work hard on a group task if the task is highly important to them - Group cohesions • The morale, team spirit, and solidarity of the members of the group • Essential characteristic that transforms a collection of individual people into members of a group • High cohesive groups perform better than less cohesive ones - Link between cohesion and group performance - Most restaurants impose a mandatory tip on groups of five or more How do intragroup processes influence decision-making? - Group polarization, factors that contribute to it: • Hearing a large number of persuasive arguments • Learning groups norms - Factors leading to group think: • Overestimating the group’s invulnerability and morality • Closed-mindedness • Pressure toward uniformity How do leaders guide and motivate the group? - Three models of leadership: • The trait of “great person” model o Describes good leaders as emerging based on specific personality traits, such as intelligence, dominance, and extroversions • Transformational versus transactional leadership o Transactional leaders reward desireable behaviours by group members and act once mistake or problems occur o Transformation leaders foster trust among group members, build identification with and excitement about higher-level group goals, and examine new approaches for problem-solving • Contingency model o Emphasizes the importance of having a match between the leader’s specific traits and the demands of a particular situation - People who are oriented toward both achievement and interpersonal dynamics are the most effective leaders How do groups handle social dilemmas? - The needs of the individual conflict with the need of the group - Types of social dilemmas: • Common resource dilemma o Aresource, such as water, land, natural fish stocks, or oil, can be reduce- and even eliminated- by overuse o Each
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2310

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit