Chapter 14- InterpersonalAttraction and Close Relationship March 10 2014
What factors lead to attraction?
- Different predictors of interpersonal attraction:
• Physical attractiveness
• Relationship factors (similarity, complementarity, reciprocity)
• Situational factors (physiological arousal, proximity, contrast effect)
- “Secret relationships” can lead to particularly high levels of attraction
What is love?
- Theories of love:
• Triangular theory (passion, intimacy, commitment)
• Love styles model (ludus, eros, mania, agape, storge, pragma)
• Arousal-attribution theory
• Reward theory
• Social norms approach
• Social exchange theory
- We see relationships with people we “love” as different from those with people
we are “in love” with
What predicts a healthy and happy relationship?
- Two models that predict satisfaction in relationships:
• The attachment styles model (secure, anxious/ambivalent,
• Positive illusions approach
What are some common problems in close relationships?
- Several common problems that emerge in close relationships
• Constructive and deconstructive approaches to managing conflict
• Gender differences in reactions to infidelity
• The causes and correlates of loneliness
• The hazards and benefits of relationship dissolution
How does culture influence attraction and close relationships?
- The role of culture in influencing interpersonal attraction and close relationships
- Cultural differences in defining beauty, the nature of love, and the nature of
- People in individualistic cultures report having higher-quality “best-friend”
relationships, and those in collectivistic cultures report having higher-quality peer