Textbook Notes (362,797)
Canada (158,054)
Psychology (3,256)
PSYC 2310 (255)
Chapter 12


4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
PSYC 2310
Paula Barata

Psychology Notes- Chapter 12 Personality- distinctive ways of thinking, feeling and acting that characterize responses to life situations Components of identity Perceived internal cause Perceived organization and structure - attributed to personality - guided by psychodynamic, humanistic, biological, behavioural, cognitive and socio-cultural perspectives Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory: - Charcot conversion hysteria (paralysis and blindness) (Freud decided unconscious influence) - Conducted extensive self-analysis on own dreams (1900-Interpretation of Dreams) - Psychoanalysis became theory of personality, approach to the mind and method for treating psycho disorders - Freud personality a psychic energy  direct/indirect release, ie. sexual drive build-up = sexual activity - Mental events: conscious (aware), preconscious (things recalled), unconscious (desires, wishes, feelings) - Personality: ID, EGO, SUPEREGO - Id- irrational and seeks immediate instinctual satisfaction based on pleasure principle - Ego- reality principle, mediate between id, superego and reality - Superego- morals SEE FIG 12.3 - id impulses out of control or danger from environment  ANXIETY - ego develops defence mechanisms, permit instinctual gratification (disguised) Psychosexual Theory: - adult personality moulded by how children deal with instinctual urges and social reality during oral, anal and phallic stages ORAL: - infancy breast, thumb, etc - oral needs result in fixation on oral themes of self-indulgence/dependency as adult ANAL: - 2-3 yrs toilet training - control biological urge, lax  negative, dominant adult, strict overemphasis on cleanliness, rules/rituals PHALLIC: - 4-5 yrs early sexual awakenings - male child feelings for mother, father a rival - girl wants to bear fathers child - Oedipus complex: penis envy (girl hates mother) aka. Electra Complex LATENCY: - 7-puberty sex drive dormant GENITAL: - puberty on mature social/sexual relationships develop Neoanalysts: disagreed with Freud  Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, Erik Erickson, Karen Horney  modified Freudian theories, stressed social/cultural aspects of personality Modern Object Relations: focus on mental representations people form of themselves, others and relationships (Margaret Mahler, Otto Kernberg, Heinz Kohut) Carl Rogers’ Self Theory (contrast to Freud) - humanistic theory - forces directing behaviour within a person, when not distorted/blocked by environment can be trusted to direct to self-actualization - experiences that are incongruous with the established self-concept produce threat and may result in a denial or distortion of reality - conditional positive regard may result in realistic conditions of worth that can conflict with self-actualization - described a number of characteristics
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2310

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.