PSYC 2310 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Systematic Desensitization, Dyskinesia, Psychosurgery

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22 Nov 2011
Chapter 14- Treatment of Psychological Disorders
- basic goal to help people change maladaptive, self-defeating thoughts, feelings,
behaviour patterns to enable normal functioning
Psychodynamic Therapies:
- Freud believed mental events associated
-Free association: procedure of verbalizing all thoughts that enter consciousness
without censorship
- Believe dreams express impulses, fantasies, wishes, person keeps defended during
wake hours
- Dream interpretation- help client search for unconscious material contained in the
-Resistance: defensive manoeuvres that hinder therapy process
-Transference: when client responds irrationally to analysts as if he/she were an
important figure from the past brings out open repressed feelings, can be pos
transference (affection) / neg transference (anger)
-Interpretation: statement by therapist to provide client with insight to behaviour
- Psychodynamic therapies increasingly popular compared to psychoanalysis
- Promote insight, focus of current life events
-Interpersonal therapy: structured therapy focuses on current interpersonal
problems and enhancing interpersonal skills
Humanistic Psychotherapies:
- view humans as capable of consciously controlling actions/taking responsibility
- everyone possesses inner resources for self-healing/personal growth
- focus on present and future instead of past, help clients be aware of feelings as
they occur
- Rogers’ client-centred therapy highlights importance of 3 characteristics:
unconditional positive regard, empathy and genuineness
- Goal of Gestalt therapy to remove blockages to awareness of immediate
experience by making them more aware of feelings and their interactions with
Cognitive Therapies:
- thought patterns so well-practised we are only minimally aware and accept them
- Ellis’ Rational-Emotive Therapy
oA activating event triggers emotion
oB belief system (way person appraises event)
oC consequences (emotional, behavioural) of appraisal
oD disputing erroneous belief system *changing maladaptive behaviour
- Beck’s cognitive therapy points out errors of thinking/logic under emotional
-Self-instructional training: cognitive coping approach of giving adaptive self-
instructions to oneself at crucial phases of coping process
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