Textbook Notes (368,611)
Canada (162,009)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 2310 (266)
Chapter 14

Chapter14

4 Pages
77 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2310
Professor
Paula Barata
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 14- Treatment of Psychological Disorders - basic goal to help people change maladaptive, self-defeating thoughts, feelings, behaviour patterns to enable normal functioning Psychodynamic Therapies: - Freud believed mental events associated - Free association: procedure of verbalizing all thoughts that enter consciousness without censorship - Believe dreams express impulses, fantasies, wishes, person keeps defended during wake hours - Dream interpretation- help client search for unconscious material contained in the dreams - Resistance: defensive manoeuvres that hinder therapy process - Transference: when client responds irrationally to analysts as if he/she were an important figure from the past brings out open repressed feelings, can be pos transference (affection) / neg transference (anger) - Interpretation: statement by therapist to provide client with insight to behaviour - Psychodynamic therapies increasingly popular compared to psychoanalysis - Promote insight, focus of current life events - Interpersonal therapy: structured therapy focuses on current interpersonal problems and enhancing interpersonal skills Humanistic Psychotherapies: - view humans as capable of consciously controlling actions/taking responsibility - everyone possesses inner resources for self-healing/personal growth - focus on present and future instead of past, help clients be aware of feelings as they occur - Rogers’ client-centred therapy highlights importance of 3 characteristics: unconditional positive regard, empathy and genuineness - Goal of Gestalt therapy to remove blockages to awareness of immediate experience by making them more aware of feelings and their interactions with others Cognitive Therapies: - thought patterns so well-practised we are only minimally aware and accept them - Ellis’ Rational-Emotive Therapy o A activating event triggers emotion o B belief system (way person appraises event) o C consequences (emotional, behavioural) of appraisal o D disputing erroneous belief system *changing maladaptive behaviour - Beck’s cognitive therapy points out errors of thinking/logic under emotional disturbance - Self-instructional training: cognitive coping approach of giving adaptive self- instructions to oneself at crucial phases of coping process Behaviour Therapies: - behaviour disorders are learned in the same ways as normal behaviours - maladaptive behaviours can be unlearned by classical/operant conditioning - exposure: therapeutic technique designed to extinguish anxiety responses by exposing clients to anxiety-arousing stimuli/situations while preventing escape/avoidance through response prevention Extinction Classical conditioning a CS is presented without the UCS, causing the CR to weaken/stop occurring Operant conditioning occurs in absence of reinforcement for previously reinforced response, causes that response to weaken/stop Response prevention: keep operant avoidance response from occurring Flooding: exposure to real-life stimuli Implosion: client imagines scenes involving the stimuli - systematic desensitization: treatment for anxiety disorders (learning based) Joseph Wolpe - counterconditioning: new response incompatible with anxiety conditioned to anxiety-arousing CS - stimulus hierarchy: creation of a series of anxiety-arousing stimuli ranked in terms of amount of anxiety evoked - in vivo desensitization: exposure to hierarchy of real-life situations (controlled) - aversion therapy: establish conditioned aversion response to inappropriate stimulus that attracts the client - operant procedures applied successf
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2310

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit