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PSYC 2310 (255)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Dynamics of Behaviour Notes

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2310
Anneke Olthof

PSYCHOLOGYChapter 1Psychology The scientific study of behaviour and the factors that influence it Both actions and inner processes thoughts feelings images Biological Individual and environmental factors are taken into accountBasic Research the quest for knowledge purely for its own sakeApplied Research designed to solve specific practical problemsGoals of psychology1To describe how people and other animals behave2To explain and understand the causes of these behaviours3To predict how people and animals will behave under certain conditions4To Influence or control behaviour through knowledge and control of its causes to enhance human warfareSix major perspectivesThe biological perspective Is it a spiritual entity separate from the body or is it part of our bodys activitiesMindbody dualism the belief that the mind is a spiritual entity not subject to the physical laws that govern the body This implies that NO amount of research on the body could ever hope to unravel the mysteries of the mindMonism the mind is not a separate spiritual entity Mind and body are one and mental events are product of physical eventsMost modern scientists hold the view that mindbodies are oneInfluenced by Karl Lashley was interested in brain mechanisms in learning His approach was to create lesions damage in specific brain regions and to study their effects on the learning and memory abilities of experimental animals that had been trained to run mazes Charles Darwins evolutionary theory Darwin was struck by the many differences between seemingly similar species that lived in different environments He began to view these differences as ways in which the species had adapted to these environments Theory species evolve over time in response to environmental conditions through a process called natural selection OR survival of the fittes
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