Textbook Notes (368,217)
Canada (161,710)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 2330 (89)

PSYC 2330- Ch 1 Notes.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 2330
Francesco Leri

PSYC 2330- Chapter 1  Learning- one of the biological processes that facilitates adaptation to one’s environment.  Learning to withhold responses, as important as making responses (not crossing a street when light is red) Historical Antecedents Rene Descartes-  Before him actions were considered the result of deliberate intent- not controlled by external stimuli  Created Cartesian Dualism: two classes of human behaviour o Voluntary & involuntary  Involuntary actions (reflexive)- Sense organs  Sent through Nerves to brain  brain sends to muscles, bypasses the pineal gland and mind.  Voluntary actions- Sense organs  Nerves to brain  pineal gland  mind  muscles (carry out the action).  Considered animals incapable voluntary actions  Mind was assumed to be a non-physical entity  Created mentalism (concerned with workings/contents of mind) & reflexology (concerned with mechanisms of reflexive behaviour)  Foundations of modern study of learning Nativism- approach that assumes we are born with innate ideas about certain things  John Locke- believed that all ideas people had were acquired from experiences- disagreed with nativism o Empiricism- - mind gradually filled with ideas/info after experiencing sensory info Thomas Hobbes- believed mind operated as a reflex  Hedonism- pursuit of pleasure and avoidance of pain Association- simple sensations combined into more complex ideas  Primary rules originally by Aristotle 1. Contiguity- if two events repeatedly happen in the same space and time they will become related 2. Similarity- things will be related if they are similar in some way 3. Contrast- things will be related if they are different in some way (no contemporary evidence for this)  Thomas Brown o Intensity of sensations o How frequently they are related together o Dependent of the number of other associations event is already involved in & similarity between past associations and current one being formed.  Herman Ebbinghaus o First to investigate mechanisms of association o Nonsense Syllables- three letter combinations devoid of meaning, influence how someone might react to them Charles Bell & Francois Magendie- showed that there are separate nerves for transmitting sensory information and motor information. I.M. Sechenov- stimuli didn’t always elicit direct responses, in some cases can release
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2330

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.