PSYC 2330 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Midlife Crisis, Longitudinal Study, Schizophreniform Disorder

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2330
Professor
Chapter 5:
Personality Dispositions Over Time: Stability, Coherence, and Change
Personality Psychology
January 26th 2012
Personality Development: the continuities, consistencies, and stabilities in people
over time.
3 Important Forms of Stability:
1. Rank Order Stability: is the maintenance of individual position within a
group.
2. Mean Level Stability: population or majority in one favour i.e. population
remaining liberal
Mean Level Change: population favour changes together over time.
3. Personality Coherence: maintaining rank order in relation to other
individuals but changing the manifestations of the trait. i.e. At age 8 boy
manifests his dominance by showing toughness while play fighting, calling
weaker kids sissies etc. While at age 20 the same kid shows his dominance
persuading others to accept his political views, asking girl out on date etc.
Personality Change:
- The changes are typically internal to the person, not merely changes in the
external surroundings such as walking into another room.
- The changes are relatively enduring over time, rather than being merely
temporary.
Analysis of Personality: Three Levels
Population Level: deals with changes and constancies that apply more or less to
everyone. i.e. everyone in the population tends to increase in sexual motivation at
puberty.
Group Differences Level: Gender differences, as well as cultural and ethnic.
Individual Difference Level: i.e. can we predict which individuals, based on their
personalities, will go through a midlife crisis.
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Document Summary

Personality dispositions over time: stability, coherence, and change. Personality development: the continuities, consistencies, and stabilities in people over time. 3 important forms of stability: rank order stability: is the maintenance of individual position within a group, mean level stability: population or majority in one favour i. e. population remaining liberal. While at age 20 the same kid shows his dominance persuading others to accept his political views, asking girl out on date etc. The changes are typically internal to the person, not merely changes in the external surroundings such as walking into another room. The changes are relatively enduring over time, rather than being merely temporary. Population level: deals with changes and constancies that apply more or less to everyone. i. e. everyone in the population tends to increase in sexual motivation at puberty. Group differences level: gender differences, as well as cultural and ethnic.

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