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Chapter 3

Review and Discussion Questions - Chapter 3.docx

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PSYC 2360
Naseem Al- Aidroos

Review and Discussion Questions – Chapter 3 1. The main difference in ethical problems that arise in behavioural research compared to other areas of science is that we often use human subjects and expose the possibility of psychological harm more so than physical harm. Some experiments can uncover elements of an individual’s personality, for example, that isn’t exactly pleasant or a trait someone would like to think they have. This, of course, could lead to some devastating effects on the individual and it is the researcher’s responsibility to ensure that the participant leaves the lab feeling just as good, if not better than when they came. For the personality traits example, the researcher could explain that it is normal to have these unsettling feelings and that they could linger for a little bit and that too is quite common. Often, just the action of telling the individual that these things happen is enough to calm them down in the debriefing process. 2. Deception is the act of withholding some information from the participant when they give informed consent and should only be used if it is absolutely necessary. Deception should then be explained at the earliest point possible and the participant must agree and sign to another consent form stating that they agree and understand the terms of deception and that their data can be used for the experiment. Personally, I agree with the ethic board’s guidelines for deception. I believe that when we have human subjects and we are trying to conclude information about human behaviour especially, we need an element of reality in the lab to truly generalize what happens in the world outside of the lab. Obviously, any form harm to the participant should not be allowed and that is where I too, draw the line with deception. 3. The first principle of ethical research is protecting the participants from physical or psychological harm. Researchers do this by informed consent (prior to the experiment, outlining procedure and duration, potential benefits to society, the right to withdrawal at any time in the experiment, confidentiality, who to contact if they have any questions), deception and debriefing (at the end of the experiment where any deception is revealed, the participant is told goals of experiment, and ensuring that they leave the lab just as good if not better than the way they came – thus undoing any negative side effects). The second principle of ethical research is providing freedom of
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