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Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 2410 (149)
Dan Meegan (42)
Chapter 6

Chapter 6 Principles of Behaviour Notes

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2410
Professor
Dan Meegan
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 6 Psychology NotesStates Of ConsciousnessThe Puzzle of Consciousness Consciousness is 1 SubjectiveprimitiveOther people cant directly know what reality is for someone else nor can you enter directly into someones experience2 Dynamiceverchanging W drift inout of various states3 Self Reflective The mind is aware of its own consciousness Consciousness is connected to process of selective attention Selective attention focuses on conscious awareness on some stimuli and excludes othersMeasuring States of Consciousness The most common measure is selfreport in which people describe their inner experiences Physiological measures establish the correspondence between bodily statesmental processes Eg EEG records brain activityhelps identify different stages of sleep throughout night Behavioural measures are used including performance on special tasksLevels of Consciousness PsychodynamicCognitive PerspectivesPsychodynamic Sigmund Freud proposed human mind has 3 levels of awarenessConscious mind Contains thoughts perceptionsother mental events of which we are aware Preconscious mental events are outside of current awareness but can easily be recalled Unconscious events cant be brought into conscious awareness under ordinary circumstancesSome unconscious events such as aggressive drives past trauma emotional conflict are kept out of conscious awareness bc it could arouse negative emotions Behaviorists disagree bc they aim to explain behaviour without invoking consciousunconscious processesResearch supports Freuds view as nonconscious processes influence behaviourThe Cognitive Unconscious Cognitive Psychologists view conscious and unconscious mental life as complementary forms of information processing Cognitive unconscious functions as a support service working in harmony with conscious thoughtsControlled Vs Automatic ProcessingControlled Processing Voluntary use of attentionconscious effort Eg StudyingAutomatic Processing Can be performed with little to no effort Occurs most often when we carry out routine actions or welllearned tasksDivided Attention Is the ability to perform more than one activity at the same time Eg talk while walking More difficult for tasks that require similar mental resourcesThe Emotional Unconscious Some modern psychodynamic views strongly emphasize that emotionalmotivational processes also operate unconsciously and influence behaviourThe Modular Mind Growingof models challenge traditional view that mind is a single process and suggest mind is a collection of largely separate but interacting modules Each module is an infoprocessing system within the brain that perform tasks Each module process info simultaneously but largely independentlyCircadian Rhythms Our Daily Biological ClocksOur state of consciousness varies depending on the time of dayCircadian RhythmsEvery 24 hours our bodys temperature hormone secretions and other bodily functions undergo a cycle that affects our mental alertness and readies our passage backforth between states of wakefulness and sleepKeeping Time BrainEnvironmentSuprachiasmatic Nuclei SCN Is located in the hypothalamusregulates circadian rhythms the brains clock Have genetically programmed cycle of activityinactivity functioning like a biological clockMelatonin Hormone that has relaxing effect on body secreted by the pineal gland
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