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PSYC 2410 (149)
Dan Meegan (42)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 – Psych 1100.docx

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PSYC 2410
Dan Meegan

Chapter 8Psych 1100Memory the processes that allow us to record and later retrieve experiences and informationThe mind is a processing system that encodes stores and retrieves informationEncoding getting information into the memory system by translating it into a neural code that the brain process and stores Storage the retention of information over timeRetrieval the process of accessing information in longterm memoryMemory has 3 main components sensory memory shortterm or working memory and longterm memorySensory Memory memory processes that retain incoming sensory information just long enough for it to be recognizedy Composed of different subsystems called sensory registers which are the initial information processors y Our visual sensory register is called the ionic store y The auditory sensory register is called the echoic store y Echoic memory lasts longer than iconic memoryShortTerm Memory type of memory that holds the information that we are conscious of at any given time also called working memoryWorking Memory a more current name for shortterm memory reflecting the fact that it consciously processes codes and woks on information Memory Codes visual phonological semantic or motor encoding that stores information so it can be retained in shortterm and longterm memoryy Memory code often does not correspond to the form of the original stimulus y Phonological codes plat an important role in shortterm memoryChunking combining individual items into larger units of meaning Partial Report method used to measure iconic memory and demonstrate that memory span for a visual stimulus is longer than suggested by full reporting Icon a trace memoryy ShelfLife of information in shortterm memory is indeed short perhaps lasting about 20 seconds
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