PSYC 2450 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Gonorrhea, Neural Pathway

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Chapter 14: sex differences and similarities, gender-role development, and sexual. Sex: person(cid:495)s biological identity (chromosomes, physical identity, and. Gender: person(cid:495)s social and cultural identity as male or female. Remember: hormones: males and females more similar than different, difference is not always important, difference is not an explanation. All societies expect males and females to behave differently and to assume different roles. Gender typing: process by which a child becomes aware of his/her gender and acquires motives, values, and behaviors considered appropriate for members of that sex. Prepare girls to play the wife and mother roles to keep family working and raise children successfully: instrumental role: social prescription, usually directed toward males, that one should be dominant, independent, assertive, competitive, and goal-oriented. Provide for family and protect from harm. These norms role prescriptions found in many but not all societies (barry. Achievement + self-reliance strongly encouraged in young boys. Nurturance + obedience + responsibility strongly encouraged in young girls: industrialized societies:

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