PSYC 2450 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Lev Vygotsky, Myelin, 18 Months

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Chapter 8 - cognitive development: piaget"s theory, case"s neo-piagetian, vygotsky"s. Genetic epistemology: the experimental study of the development of knowledge, developed by. He used his three children to do his first research and then used the clinical method with flexible question-answer technique. Proposed that intelligence was a form of equilibrium towards which all cognitive structures tend. All intellectual activity is undertaken with one goal in mind to produce a balanced, harmonious, relationship between one"s though processes and the environment. Called cognitive equilibrium: piaget"s term for the state of affairs in which there is a balanced, harmonious, relationship between one"s thought processes and the environment. Imbalances between the child"s way of thinking and the environment prompt the child to make mental adjustments to cope with new experiences and restore cognitive equilibrium. Described children as constructivist: one who gains knowledge by acting or otherwise operating on objects and events to discover their properties.

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