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PSYC 2450 (262)
Chapter 13

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2450
Anneke Olthof

Chapter 13 Development of the self and social cognitionSelf the combination of physical and psychological attributes that is unique to each individual Social cognition thinking that people display about the thoughts feelings motives and behaviors of themselves and other peopleDevelopment of the selfconceptProprioceptive feedback sensory information from the muscles tendons and joints that helps us locate the position of our body or body parts in space Most developmentalist believe that infants come to distinguish themselves from the external environment over the first 2 to 6 months of lifeSelfdifferentiation in infancy Personal agency recognition that one can be the cause of an event 2 month old limited sense of personal agency or responsible for at least 1 eventSelfrecognition in infancy Self concept ones perceptions of ones unique attributes or traits Selfrecognition the ability to recognize oneself in a mirror or photographo Rouge test apply spot of rouge on nose and put them in front of mirror if they recognize the image of themselves in the mirror they will notice red spot and will wipe their nose At 924 months no selfrecognition 1517 months showed some sign of recognition and 1824 months majority wipe their nose show selfrecognition o Cognitive development may be necessary for selfrecognition parents who contribute to a childs selfconcept by providing descriptive info is helpful to the childo Securely attached toddlers also classify themselves along socially significant dimensions such as age and gender forming a categorical selfo Parenting style influences toddlers achievement of selfrecognition see table 131 Present self early selfrepresentation in which 2 and 3 years olds recognize current representations of self but are unaware that past selfrepresentations or selfrelevant events have implications for the present Extended self more mature selfrepresentation emerging between ages 3and 5 years in which children are able to integrate past current and unknown future selfrepresentations into a notion of a self that endures over time Categorical self a persons classification of the self along socially significant dimensions such as age and sex Toddlers who have reached the selfreferential milestone will soon become more outgoing and socialOnce they display selfrecognition they can reach categorical self Who Am I responses of preschool children Selfdescriptions of 35 years old very concrete focus on physical features possessions and activities they can perform psychological selfawareness1
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