PSYC 2450 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Louis Leon Thurstone, Fluid And Crystallized Intelligence, Factor Analysis
Psychometric approach- a theoretical perspective that portrays intelligence as a trait or set of traits on which individuals differ, psychometric theorists are responsible for the development of standardized intelligence tests. They"re goal is to identify precisely what those traits might be and to measure them so that intellectual differences among individuals could be described. Produced the forerunner of our modern intelligence tests. 1908 the binet-simon tests was revised and all test items were age graded. Factor analysis and the multicomponent view of intelligence. Each factor- if more than one are found- presumably represents a distinct mental ability. We might conclude that intelligence is a singular attribute rather than a number of separate mental abilities. They are known as spatial ability, perceptual speed(quick processing of visual info), numerical reasoning, verbal meaning(defining words), word fluency(speed of recognizing words), memory and inductive reasoning(forming a rule that describes a set of observations).