Psychosocial Development Year 1-3

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Document Summary

Emotions: subjective reactions to experience that are associated with physiological and behavioural changes. They begin to show interest and curiosity and they smile readily at people. 3-6 months: infants can anticipate what is about to happen and experience disappointment when it does not. They show this by becoming angry or acting warily. This is a time of social awakening and early reciprocal exchanges between the baby and the caregiver. 6-9 months: infants play social games and try to get responses from people. Talk to, touch, and cajole other babies to get them to respond. They express more differentiated emotions, showing joy, fear, anger, and surprise. 9-12 months: infants are intensely preoccupied with their principle caregiver, may become afraid of strangers, and act subdued in new situations. By 1 year they communicate emotions more clearly, showing moods, ambivalence and graduations of feeling. 12-18 months: toddlers explore their environment, using the people they are most attached to as a secure base.

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