PSYC 2650 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Memory Rehearsal, Piggy Bank, Memory Span

19 views4 pages
Published on 13 Apr 2013
Department
Course
Professor
Chapter 1
The Science of the Mind
The scope of cognitive psychology
-Betsy and Jacob story : Betsy wanted to bring Jacob a present. She shook her piggy bank. It made no
sound. She went to look for her mother.
Reliance on background knowledge to make correct interpretation of events – depends on
memory
-H.M : amnesia patient – memory loss was an unanticipated by product of the brain surgery intended to
control his epilepsy
Result: developed Antrograde memory – could remember everything before the surgery but
couldn’t create new memories
-Cognitive psychology – the scientific study of the acquisition, retention and use of knowledge
-Our self-concept depends on our knowledge – episodic knowledge in particular
-Our emotional adjustment to the world rely on our memories
-Our ability to understand a story or a conversation depends on our supplementing that experience with
some knowledge (ie. Betsy and Jacob story)
A brief history
-Cognitive Revolution within psychology – 1950s and 1960s – represented a striking change in the style
of research and theorizing employed by most psychologists
New style intended initially for studying old problems such as memory and decision making
Branched out to other domains where it provided important insights into these domains
Changed the intellectual map of our field
The years of introspection
-the only way to study thoughts is for each of us to introspect – look within to observe and record the
content of our own mental lives and the sequence of our own experience
-couldn’t be causal, introspections had to be trained
-Limitation: some thoughts are unconscious – introspection is the study of conscious experiences
No way to test claims – can’t separate correct assertions from false ones – therefore science can’t
move forward
Science needs some way of resolving disagreements
-need to consider the world as it objectively is
Years of behaviorism
-Argued: psychology couldn’t be a science if it relied on introspective data – psychology needs objective
data
-Patterns of behaviour can be observed by all
-Behaviorist movement – 20th century –uncovered a range of broad principles concerned with how
behaviour changes in response to different configurations of stimuli
Demands to leave out beliefs, memories ect because there is no way to study them
directly/scientifically
Limitation: situation or behaviour observed is interpreted differently by different people – may
lead to making wrong predictions about how they will behave in the future
Results: must consider these entities to understand behaviour (ie. Pass the Salt – need to ask what
the stimulus means to you)
Roots of the cognitive revolution
-how people act depends on how people perceive the situation and how they understand the stimuli
-Kants transcendental method / inference to best explanation – begins with the observable facts and
then works backwards
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Betsy and jacob story : betsy wanted to bring jacob a present. She went to look for her mother: reliance on background knowledge to make correct interpretation of events depends on memory. H. m : amnesia patient memory loss was an unanticipated by product of the brain surgery intended to control his epilepsy developed antrograde memory could remember everything before the surgery but: result: couldn"t create new memories. Cognitive psychology the scientific study of the acquisition, retention and use of knowledge. Our self-concept depends on our knowledge episodic knowledge in particular. Our emotional adjustment to the world rely on our memories. Our ability to understand a story or a conversation depends on our supplementing that experience with some knowledge (ie. betsy and jacob story) The only way to study thoughts is for each of us to introspect look within to observe and record the content of our own mental lives and the sequence of our own experience.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.