PSYC 2650 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Mental Models, Modus Ponens, Necessity And Sufficiency

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Cognition chapter 13: reasoning thinking through the implications of what. Deduction: a process through which we start with claims or assertions that we count as. Given and ask what follows from these premises; deduction allows us to make predictions about upcoming events; tells us to keep our beliefs in touch with reality (ex. If deduction leads us to a prediction based on our beliefs, and the prediction ends up being wrong, this will let us know that something about our belief is wrong) Confirmation bias: a strong tendency to seek out confirming evidence and to rely on that evidence in drawing their conclusions: even when presented with disconfirming evidence, people usually won"t adjust their beliefs. When people encounter evidence that is in line with their beliefs, they tend to accept it at face value; when people encounter evidence that disconfirms their beliefs, they tend to be skeptical about it.

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