PSYC 2650 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Deep Structure And Surface Structure, Factor Analysis, Pauperism
SchoolUniversity of Guelph
Course CodePSYC 2650
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process of inference
how we make judgements based on the information presented and our own store of knowledge
-rule of thumb shortcuts to draw conclusions
-often inaccurate and based on selective memory
how we use conclusions or beliefs to reason about possible outcomes
process in which one begins with a goal and seeks steps that will lead to that goal
-think of it as a search, navigating a maze
the knowledge and resources you have at the outset
the state you are working towards
available tools or actions
limits that rule out some operations
is the set of all states that can be reached in solving a problem, as one moves, by means of operators, from the
initial state towards the goal state
-the written record of thoughts
-protocols often reveal a particular strategy (heuristic) used to solve the problem
is the heuristic to choose an
option that moves you in the
direction of the goal.
the problem-solver asks at each step how the current state can be made more similar to the goal state, using
-results in breaking the problem into smaller subproblems, each with its own goal (subgoals)
Means-end analysis in reverse
asking how the goal state can be made similar to the current state.
-involves working backward from the goal
perceptual reference frame
mental images can sometimes be limited by this
superficial features of a problem
the goal state as well as the available operators are clearly specified.
-Hobbits and Orcs
the goal state and the available operators are not clearly specified.
-end global warming
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