PSYC 2650 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Prefrontal Cortex, Automaticity, Stroop Effect

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Shadowing participants hear a tape recording of someone speaking and must echo this speech back word for word while they"re listening to it. In most experiments the message to be shadowed, the attended channel is presented through stereo headphones, so that participants hear the attended channel through the right earphone. A different message the unattended channel is presented in the left earphone, and participants are instructed simply to ignore this message. This overall setup is referred to as dichotic listening. Cocktail party effect you"re at a party and you hear another group talking about your close friend, you start to pay attention to this rather than what you were first engaged in. Filter that shields us from potential distractors. The failure to see caused by inattention has been dubbed inattentional blindness. Mack and rock there is no conscious perception without attention . Change blindness - observers" inability to detect changes in scenes they"re looking directly at.

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