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Chapter 10

PSYC 2740 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Object Relations Theory, Erik Erikson

Course Code
PSYC 2740
Stephen Lewis

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Chapter 10
The Neo-Analytic Movement
- contemporary psychoanalysis is based on the follow postulates:
- the unconscious still plays a large role in life, although it may not be the
ubiquitous influence that Freud held it was
- behaviour often reflects compromises in conflicts between mental processes,
like emotions, motivations and thoughts
- childhood plays an important part in personality development, particularly
in terms of shaping adult relationship styles
- mental representations of the self and relationships guide our interactions
with others
- personality development involves not just regulating sxual and aggressive
feelings but also moving from an immature, socially dependent way of
relating to others to a mature, independent relationship style
- we should not conclude that all recovered memories are false memories, just
become some have turned out apparently to be false
- hypnosis is a technique used to get patients to recall freely childhoof
experiences within the protection of a relaxed state; evidence shows that
hypnosis does not infact improve memory
- hypnosis may be associated with increased distortion in memory; in
hypnosis people are more imaginative, more spontaneous and more
emotional and usually report unusual bodily sensations
- in the creation of false memories, hypnosis, suggestive interviewing and the
interpretation of symptoms as signs of past trauma, pressure from an
authority figure to recall trauma and dream interpretation are used
- the imagination inflation effect occurs when a memory is elaborated upon
through imagination, leading the person to confuse the imagined event with
events that actually happened
- therapists can suffer from a confirmatory bias; the tendency to look only for
evidence that confirms their previous hunch and to not look for evidence that
might disconfirm their belief
- in 2006, there was approximately 905,000 child victims of maltreatment in
the US, of these, 64% were for neglect, 16% involved physical abuse and 9%
were sexual abuse cases, and approx. 9% involved psychological abuse and
medical neglect
- in this reporting year, an estimated 1530 children died of abuse and neglect,
78% being under the age of 4
- the two differing views on the unconscious are the cognitive unconscious
view and the motivated unconscious view
- those with the cognitive unconscious view readily acknowledge that
information can get into our memories without our ever being aware of the
- the phenomenon of subliminal perception can prime associated material in
memory without ones awareness
- priming makes that associated material more accessible to conscious
awareness than is material that is not primed; results such as these using
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