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PSYC 2740 (174)
Chapter 14

Chapter 14

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2740
Professor
Stephen Lewis
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 14 Approaches to the Self Descriptive Component of the Self: Self Concept - self recognition with mirrors occurs on average at 18 months - pretend play requires self recognition - children use personal pronouns when they get self recognition - at 2 to 3 years old children identify and associated sex and age with themselves - starting at 5 or 6 and onward, children begin comparing their skills and abilities with those of others; this is social comparison which people engage in to varying degrees and do so for the rest of their lives - the development of a private self-concept is major but difficult and could start out with developing an imaginary friend and ends with realizing that they only have access to their own thoughts, feelings and desires - the final unfolding of the self-concept during the teen years involves perspective taking; the ability to take the perspective of others, or to see oneself as others do, to step outside of oneself and imagine how one appears to other people - the term self-scheme refers to the specific knowledge structure of the self concept - the term possible selves describes the many ideas people have about who they might become, who they hope to become or who they fear they will become; people often have specific desires, anxieties, fantasies, fears, hopes, and expectations about their own future selves - the ideal self is what people want themselves to be, the ought self is ones understanding of what others want them to be (built on what people take as their responsibilities and commitments to others) and the ideal self is built on ones own desires and goals; these are self-guides, standards one uses to organize information and motivate appropriate behaviour Evaluative Component of the Self: Self Esteem - the scale for measuring the three aspects of self esteem are: performance self-esteem, appearance self-esteem and social self-esteem - the idea of compartmentalizaing the self is consistent with the research on self-complexity; this view holds that we have many roles and many aspects to our self-concept but for some of us, our sel
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