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PSYC 2740 (174)
Chapter 15

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PSYC 2740
Stephen Lewis

Chapter 15 Personality and social interaction Selection  situation selection - choosing to enter some situations and not others.  mate selection provides as dramatic example Personality characteristics desired in a marriage partner  mutual attraction love was the most favourited  dependable character, emotional stability, pleasing disposition  dependability is a close to conscientious  pleasing disposition close to agreeableness Assortative mating for personality: the search for the similar  complementary needs theory: people are attracted to those who have different personality dispositions than they have - people who are dominant would search for submissive - opposites attract  attraction similarity theory: people are attracted to those who have similar personality characteristics - dominant to dominant - supported heavily by research  assortative mating: people seem to select mates who are similar to themselves- even in physical characteristics  research supports the fact that people search out similar mates - not proximity Do people get the mates they want? are they happy?  people tend to get mates they want in personality  happy marriages: partners high in agreeableness, emotionally stable, and open - agreeable being the strongest  conscientiousness also important Personality and the selective break up of couples  violation of desire theory: we would predict that people married to others who lack desired characteristics, will more frequently dissolve the marriage - breakups should occur more when ones desires are violated than when they are fulfilled  emotional instability: has been the most consistent personality predictor of marital instability and divorce  low impulse control in husbands is strong predictor of breakup  couples who are most dissimilar are most likely to break up Shyness and the selection of risky situations  shyness: defined as a tendency to feel tense, worried, or anxious during social interactions or even when anticipating a social interaction  shy women place smaller bets Other personality traits and the selection of situations  empathetic people entering volunteer Evocation  may be defined as the ways in which features of personality elicit reactions from others.  highly active children tend to elicit hostility and competitiveness toward others Aggression and the evocation of hostili
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