Textbook Notes (368,123)
Canada (161,661)
Psychology (3,337)
PSYC 2740 (174)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 2740
Stephen Lewis

CHAPTER 10 Psychoanalytic approaches: contemporary issues The Neo-analytical movement  contemporary psychologists being based on the following 5  the unconscious still plays a large role in life - perhaps not as much as Freud suggested though  behaviour often reflects compromises in conflicts between mental processes such as emotions, motivations, and thoughts  childhood plays an important part in personality development - in terms of shaping adult relationship styles  mental representations of the self and relationships guide our relations with others  personality development involves not just regulating sexual and aggressive feelings, but also moving from an immature dependent way into mature independent relationship style Repression and contemporary research on memory  we should not conclude that all recovered memories are false memories  many variable contribute to the construction of false memories  popular press - books on abuse often provide strong suggestions that abuse could have happened to others  another factor - therapists - lead them to believe it  psychoanalysis therapist techniques - like hypnosis, suggestive interviewing, pressure from authority - all can spawn false memories  imagination inflation effect - occurs when a memory is elaborated upon through imagination - leading them to confuse the real and imagined together  confirmatory bias - the tendency to look only for evidence that confirms their previous beliefs So you want to have a false memory  spreading activation - mental elements such as words or images are stored in memory with other things that relate to them - doctors and nurses  constructive memory - memory contributed to or influences in various ways what is recalled  memories are open to destruction, often by things that follow the same channel does childhood sexual abuse cause problems in adulthood  can't replace morality with science Contemporary views on the unconscious  most psychologists believe the unconscious can affect our behaviour, but disagree that it has its own motives  cognitive unconscious view - information can get into our memories without ever being aware of the information  subliminal perception - some information is processed in the subconscious and can prime associated material in memory  priming - makes that associated material more accessible to conscious awareness than is material that is not primed -  has been found to work  - and motivated unconscious view  cognitive view of unconscious says we can have thoughts n our unconscious just like conscious - buttoning up shirts or typing require little conscious thought Ego psychology  Freudian psychoanalysis as id psychology  Erikson started ego psychology  ego is essential in establishing our identity  identity crisis - desperation and confusion a person feels when he or she has not developed a strong sense of identity  Erikson - last achievement - developing the notion of identity as an important development achievement in everyone's personality Erikson's eight stages of development  Erikson believed that the crisis people felt were social in nature  psychosocial conflicts rather than psychosexual  Erikson did agree with Freud that : people develop in stages, each stage represented conflict, and maintained that fixation could occur  Stages:  Trust versus mistrust - born  whether they are taken good care of, they form trusting relationships which continues into the future - believe people are good and trustworthy - opposite is opposite  Autonomy versus shame and doubt  second year - terrible twos - how much of the world they control  good development is when a child feels the right amount of control, develops autonomy and explores - if blocked, may result in the child doubting itself  Initiative versus guilt  3 years of age - initiative translating into goal seeking and ambition -if things go bad, they may develop resignation and no initiative  Industry versus inferiority  age 4 - comparing themselves to others -especially those their own age - if they have some successes, they will
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2740

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.