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PSYC 2740 (174)
Chapter 10

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2740
Professor
Stephen Lewis
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 10 Psychoanalytic approaches: contemporary issues The Neo-analytical movement  contemporary psychologists being based on the following 5  the unconscious still plays a large role in life - perhaps not as much as Freud suggested though  behaviour often reflects compromises in conflicts between mental processes such as emotions, motivations, and thoughts  childhood plays an important part in personality development - in terms of shaping adult relationship styles  mental representations of the self and relationships guide our relations with others  personality development involves not just regulating sexual and aggressive feelings, but also moving from an immature dependent way into mature independent relationship style Repression and contemporary research on memory  we should not conclude that all recovered memories are false memories  many variable contribute to the construction of false memories  popular press - books on abuse often provide strong suggestions that abuse could have happened to others  another factor - therapists - lead them to believe it  psychoanalysis therapist techniques - like hypnosis, suggestive interviewing, pressure from authority - all can spawn false memories  imagination inflation effect - occurs when a memory is elaborated upon through imagination - leading them to confuse the real and imagined together  confirmatory bias - the tendency to look only for evidence that confirms their previous beliefs So you want to have a false memory  spreading activation - mental elements such as words or images are stored in memory with other things that relate to them - doctors and nurses  constructive memory - memory contributed to or influences in various ways what is recalled  memories are open to destruction, often by things that follow the same channel does childhood sexual abuse cause problems in adulthood  can't replace morality with science Contemporary views on the unconscious  most psychologists believe the unconscious can affect our behaviour, but disagree that it has its own motives  cognitive unconscious view - information can get into our memories without ever being aware of the information  subliminal perception - some information is processed in the subconscious and can prime associated material in memory  priming - makes that associated material more accessible to conscious awareness than is material that is not primed -  has been found to work  - and motivated unconscious view  cognitive view of unconscious says we can have thoughts n our unconscious just like conscious - buttoning up shirts or typing require little conscious thought Ego psychology  Freudian psychoanalysis as id psychology  Erikson started ego psychology  ego is essential in establishing our identity  identity crisis - desperation and confusion a person feels when he or she has not developed a strong sense of identity  Erikson - last achievement - developing the notion of identity as an important development achievement in everyone's personality Erikson's eight stages of development  Erikson believed that the crisis people felt were social in nature  psychosocial conflicts rather than psychosexual  Erikson did agree with Freud that : people develop in stages, each stage represented conflict, and maintained that fixation could occur  Stages:  Trust versus mistrust - born  whether they are taken good care of, they form trusting relationships which continues into the future - believe people are good and trustworthy - opposite is opposite  Autonomy versus shame and doubt  second year - terrible twos - how much of the world they control  good development is when a child feels the right amount of control, develops autonomy and explores - if blocked, may result in the child doubting itself  Initiative versus guilt  3 years of age - initiative translating into goal seeking and ambition -if things go bad, they may develop resignation and no initiative  Industry versus inferiority  age 4 - comparing themselves to others -especially those their own age - if they have some successes, they will
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